Ari Dwi Setianingrum
Magister Student in University of Jambi
The 2019 Coronavirus pandemic has triggered significant changes in education system World Wide and necessitated wholescale conversion of curricula to online learning environments globally. The government, through the minister of education, instructed that learning must be carried out efficiently and without having to meet face to face. Based on this instruction, educational units throughout Indonesia carry out learning with the online system as the plat form . In fact, we are forced to carry out this online learning system. Developing countries like Indonesia certainly cause many problems such as inadequate facilities, teacher motivation in teaching and students in learning. But we also do not close our eyes that there are many positive sides that can be felt during the Covid-19 pandemic with online learning systems. This paper focuses on the sufficiency of online learning during the Covid-19 pandemic. Teachers are demanded to innovate in online learning both technology-based and this method which is called independent learning. Likewise their students must be required to adapt to all systems that they do not normally do. They must also be independent in learning,They have good personal communication between Educators and students , parents and educators Of the severals advantages Online learning during a pandemic will have a more positive impact if the government can further facilitate what is needed by both teachers and students during the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Key Words:Covid -19,online learning,innovation ,independent of teaching and learning ,Good Personal communications
Jln Tumbro Raya Desa Muara Delang Kec Tabir Selatan Kab Merangin Jambi kode post 37354
According to Huang et al. (2020), a novel corona virus, known as Covid-19, was discovered in the last month of the year 2019, in a seafood market in Wuhan. Clinical analysis results of the virus showed person-to-person transmission (Li et al., 2020; Paules et al., 2020; Wang, Cheng, et al., 2020). The Direc- tor General of WHO in March 2020 (WHO, 2020) declared Covid-19 as a pandemic after assessment of the rapid spread and severity of the deadly virus across the globe with additional announcement of social distancing as a means of curbing the spread of the pandemic. Merriam-Webster Online Diction- ary (2020) referred to pandemic as “an outbreak of a disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and aﬀects an exceptionally high proportion of the population”.
One of the prevention of this Covid-19 pandemic is by doing social distancing. This pandemic has forced global physical closure of businesses, sport activities and schools by pushing all institutions to migrate to online platforms. The term online learning implies “that the learner is at a distance from the tutor or instructor, that the learner uses some form of technology to access learning materials” ( Anderson, 2008 )..As we know that online learning gives its own colour to education in Indonesia as a developing country. Even though it is not new, but when applied suddenly with an emergency condition. There are many complaints that have arisen from both teachers and students. But in this paper not dig further about the obstacles experienced but rather focuses on positive things in can during this online learning takes place especially for learning English. Such as the slogan that the Minister of Education has been incessantly saying at the moment that the world of education must have the principle of independent teaching and learning. This principle is closely related to the existence of an online learning system during the Covid-19 pandemic. In this article the researcher will focus on Sufficiency of implementing online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic.
To find out the benefits of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic, reviewer this critical literature review study presents and examines a number of relevant topics that would enrich information for the world of education, policy makers. To be more optimistic in implementing online system learning
The term online learning implies “that the learner is at a distance from the tutor or instructor, that the learner uses some form of technology to access learning materials” (Anderson,2008 ). According to Anderson (2008), distance education is not an old discipline by academic standards though its theory and practice has evolved through five generations since its inception (Taylor, 2001). From its beginning, distance learning was viewed mostly as an individual pursuit interspersed with infrequent communication between learner and teacher (Anderson, 2008). However, the last part of the twentieth century witnessed a great transition and the emergence of three other generations of distance teaching and learning (Anderson, 2008). Of these three generations of distance learning, one was supported by the mass media of radio and television, next was the use of synchronous tools and audio teleconferencing, which was followed by computer conferencing (Anderson, 2008).
Online learning is education that takes place over the Internet. It is often referred to as “e- learning” among other terms. However, online learning is just one type of “distance learning” – the umbrella term for any learning that takes place across distance and not in a traditional classroom. Distance learning has a long history and there are several types available today, including:
- Correspondence Courses: conducted through regular mail with little interaction.
- Tele courses: where content is delivered via radio or television broadcast.
- CD-ROM Courses: where the student interacts with static computer content.
- Mobile Learning: by means of devices such as cellular phones, PDAs and digital audio players (iPods, MP3 players).
The reviewer making relation between the learning online with educational psychology, the meaning of learning is to fill in activities that bring together emotional, cognitive and interplay areas to gain experience and experience. Or create changes from a knowledge, values, skills and perspective (point of view). The opinion above is the result of thinking (Illeris, 2000; Ormorod, 1995). The learning theory giving influences toward the online learning so this system produce the benefit for teacher and students itself.
Learning theory that is closely related to online learning is constructivism. This theory provides sufficient space for students to explore the abilities possessed by students. By learning online students are given the freedom and independence to solve learning problems they face. Meanwhile the teacher only as a facilitator and supervisor.
Almost all education systems in the world currently use online learning due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The challenges and benefits will be obtained in this learning system. Online learning on its own has advantages, such as ﬂexibility (Smedley, 2010), interactivity (Leszc- zyński et al., 2018; Wagner et al., 2008), self-pacing (Amer, 2007) and opportunities. We can conclude is the freedom of learning in which there is innovation and creativity of teachers and students. According to Manfuso (2020), Greg Flanik, Chief Information Oﬃcer of Baldwin Wallace University in Ohio, stated that when they were informed of the digital transformation of instructional activities, he told his team to make the best use of the opportunity oﬀered by the crisis since they have always said that to get everybody to make use of online learning tools would be an ultimate accomplishment.
What are the benefits of learning online during the Covid-19 pandemic, will it be felt by education units, educators and students? let us discuss one by one the benefits of online learning during the Covid-19 pandemic that hit almost all major countries in the world.
With online learning we cannot be separated from innovations of teaching in the form of technological tools or the teaching approach we are doing. Teachers are challenged with a different atmosphere and will provide extraordinary opportunities. Innovation of teaching is way of teaching which includes creativity, interactive & technology in teaching. Renewing traditional teaching to provide a new method of teaching to make learning better. Beside the way of our thinking, integrating the use of ICT into the teaching programme has become a fundamental pillar in the preparation of prospective teachers (Bahcivan et al. 2019)
- Technology and Medium of Learning
Innovation and technology are two inseparable sides of the coin. With the online learning system, educators are asked to adapt to technology immediately able to master the technology as one form of implementing the revolution 4.0. In addition to the learning media technology used, it must also be adjusted in order to produce maximum learning. because the principle of innovation is not only renewal but also changes in processes and benefits.
Teacher creativity is required in creating a strategy in online learning.
What strategies can educators do in dealing with online learning during the Covid-19 pandemic. We can do such as prepare interesting learning videos, create pleasant two-way communication between educators and students. Occasionally accompanied by humour, Make students the main players in learning. Of the two innovations that educators have, it is hoped that they can become an initial foundation for innovation because this pandemic cannot be ascertained when it will end.
The next benefit that can be felt by most countries in the world from the articles they read is freedom of learning. Freedom of learning here applies to educators and students. In this case the reviewer will divide it into two, independent to teach for educators and free to learn for students.
Independent of Teaching
Good responds to the program carried out by the Indonesian minister of education about “Free Learning” without us knowing it was a benefit of online learning during the Covid-19 Pandemic. But what are the benefits of Free of learning during the Covid-19 pandemic globally for teacher
By using online learning and implementing the principle of independent learning for educators, it provides creative space both in presenting fun learning material based on technology, either in the form of videos that are created by themselves or choosing material that is easily understood by students. Educators do not feel overwhelmed with books. existing packages. They make the textbook not the main source.
- Decision Maker
During the Covid-19 pandemic that hit globally and online learning was enforced there was a policy that educators were given the freedom to plan, develop teaching materials, and evaluate. So that in this the educator became a decision maker in designing a simple learning plan, choosing the material to be taught as long as the lesson objectives are achieved, and evaluate how and what tools will be used. as a decision maker, educators must do it accurately and clearly. Do not let the benefits of independent teaching burden students. As is the current phenomenon that educators provide too much assessment. So there is no space for students to discussion with their friend.
Independent of Learning
Apart from providing benefits to educators, online learning also has a positive effect on students. Even though it is carried out with an emergency and modest facilities, online learning is able to provide real benefits to students. With learning from in general students can learn independently.
Independent Learning and Teaching is an educational system in which the learner is autonomous and separated from his teacher by space and time, so that communication is by print, electronic or other non-human medium.
- Autonomous Learner
Learner autonomy refers to the principle that learners should take an increasing amount of responsibility for what they learn and how they learn it. Autonomous learning is said to make learning more personal and focused and, consequently, is said to achieve better learning outcomes, since learning is based on learners’ needs and preferences. It contrasts with the traditional teacher-led approach in which most decisions are made by the teacher ((Prof J c Richard ). In keeping with the definition above, which sees the autonomous learner as someone with the ability to be fully responsible for their own learning, there are a number of skills which are needed. The main ones which such learners require are:
- the ability to identify and set learning goals;
- the ability to plan and execute learning activities;
- the ability to reflect on and evaluate their learning;
- an understanding of the purpose of their learning;
- an understanding of their own learning processes;
- knowledge of a range of learning strategies and skills;
- clear motivation to learn.
Autonomous learner emphasizes student activity with what he wants to get from sources other than the teacher. However, the facilities also have an influence on the achievements they have to get.
With the application of the online system, the phenomenal creativity is well honed. They must compete to give the best results / assignments given by educators so that they start looking for other sources on the internet to produce maximum results. This rarely happens in face-to-face learning. Therefore, the function of the teacher as a facilitator is running well.
Good Personal Communications
Personal relationships in this emergency situation, in fact, have resulted in good personal relationships between educators and students and students. At first glance, you can see and feel the more intimate personal communication. If this communication does not go well, then students are afraid or are left behind in the lesson. Or educators cannot monitor the progress of their students and students. Under normal conditions, maybe this personal relationship for some people becomes a rare or luxurious item so that it is not easy to obtain. Online lessons carried out during the Covid-19 pandemic have resulted in close relationships between teachers and students and also Educators and parents, Parents and their Children.
There are other interesting aspects to observe during the Covid-19 pandemic. There are all kinds of situations of chaos, humour, chaos, and various other situations that may not have been imagined before. And it is experienced by the actors of learning, both by students and educators. In this very limited condition, there are positive sides that emerge such as innovation, independent teaching and learning, as well as good communication between educators, parents and students.
The emergence of educators’ creativity and innovation in education is generally caused by problems and challenges that need to be resolved with new deep and progressive thinking. Creativity is characterized by the activity of creating something that previously did not exist and was not done by someone or the tendency to create something. Creative educators realize that creativity is universal because all activities are supported, guided and awakened by that awareness. Educators are creators and motivators who are at the centre of the educational process. Educator creativity shows that what is done by educators are now better than what has been done before. And what educators do in the future is better than now. The literature review in this article will be discussed more deeply in future research in Thesis form.
The world of education in some countries has experienced drastic changes during the COVID-19 pandemic. The learning system has also changed from face-to-face to online learning, including in Indonesia. Although there are many problems that arise in the field but there are also many benefits that can be obtained from online learning. Such as innovation, independent creativity and good communication between all parties. Online learning during a pandemic Covid-19 is a starting point for online learning in the future as the implementation of the 4.0 revolution. Therefore, the role of the government in this is to provide training for educators to produce more useful innovations and creativity and achieve more. maximum learning results. And can realize learning independence for both educators and students, as a program proclaimed by the government.
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